This manual can help you identify and control damaging Christmas tree pests in the north central region
of the United States. Most of the information also applies to the northeastern states and to the
southern portion of the Canadian provinces that order these states. You do not have to be a pest
specialist to use this information; we wrote the manual in everyday language so that anyone with an
interest in Christmas trees can read and understand it. Because it is meant to be a tool and not a
textbook, we included only what you need to know to solve pest problems in your nursery or plantation.